Leipzig, located in the west of Saxony, is the largest city in the state with more than half a million inhabitants (just ahead of Dresden). Leipzig's compact and vibrant city centre attracts visitors from all over the region (shopping, food, culture, nightlife, etc.).
Leipzig can look back on a long and eventful history:
- since the 12th century trading and exhibition centre for many centuries and a major centre of fur trade
- 1409 founding of the University of Leipzig (second oldest university in Germany)
- long musical tradition - Johann Sebastian Bach and Felix Mendelssohn Bartoldy worked here
- venue of the Battle of the Nations in 1813 between Napoleon's troops and the allies Prussia, Russian Empire and Sweden - probably the biggest battle in world history until the 20th century
- starting point of the peaceful revolution in 1989 with the Monday demonstrations
In contrast to Dresden the majority of buildings remained in World War 2. Thus there are still cohesive residential areas all over the city from the period of the late 19th century (Gründerzeit, literally: "the Founder Epoch"). In addition to the historical buildings, Leipzig also offers plenty of nature with large parks, the riparian forest (Auenwald) and rivers and canals. To the south of Leipzig is the "Neuseenland" (New Sealand), an area of newly established lakes as the results of the restoration of opencast mines (lignite/brown coal).